Vocabulary skills in language are so important during the early years as they are the basis of a child’s intellectual development.
In this article I’ll share some vocabulary games for kids that are simple and require no prep.
Let’s first take a look at how a child builds their vocabulary and the typical milestones.
There are two processes involved in language development – expressive and receptive language.
- Understanding language – this is known as receptive language and refers to the words a child understands
- Using language – this is called expressive language and refers to the words a child uses
Vocabulary Development by Age
Here is a rough guide to children’s vocabulary during the preschool years:
Three-year-olds generally have an expressive vocabulary of around 450 words.
About 80% of what they say is intelligible.
Four-year-olds have an expressive vocabulary of around 1,000 words.
They ask a lot of questions and make few grammatical errors.
At 5 years, children have an expressive vocabulary of about 2,200 words, although their receptive vocabulary is as much as 20,000 to 24,000 already!
They use complex sentences, pronounce words properly and use grammar correctly.
By 6 years of age, children have an expressive vocabulary of around 3,000 words.
How to Build Your Child’s Vocabulary
So, what are some fun ways to teach vocabulary?
If you are wondering how you can increase your child’s vocabulary, the absolute best way is to talk and read to your children.
You are their primary source for learning language so you should be making time to speak to them often and incorporating discussions into all your activities.
Reading to your children should be a non-negotiable daily activity. Make time for bedtime stories every day and your child will reap the many rewards for years to come.
Another way to develop vocabulary while having fun is to play games. These can take 10 minutes and will have a big impact on your child’s overall language development.
Vocabulary Games for Preschool and Kindergarten Kids
What are some fun word games?
I’ve put together a list of easy games I used to play in my classroom that the kids loved. Play them at home, on the way to school or while doing chores like making dinner together!
All the games can be played with just 2 players but if the rest of the family are around they can also join in.
My personal favourite is the last game as it is a real challenge.
This game teaches children new words as well as their meaning, context and the relationship between words.
How to play Categories:
- Choose a category – fruit, kitchen, the zoo, music, clothes, etc.
- Make a long string of words that belong in the category by taking turns adding a word each
- Each word may only be said once
- If you repeat a word, choose a word that doesn’t belong or simply run out of ideas, choose a new category and start again
- Stay motivated by writing down the record of how many words in a category and try to beat it
This game is great for teaching children to understand the context of words and how they relate to each other. Words do not live in isolation but work together.
Children may have a good vocabulary of general words but are also able to start developing some theme-specific words that are more unusual in everyday language.
As they grow up and develop more interests they also learn the jargon related to their interests.
While playing this game, try to throw in some interesting, less common words now and again when it is your turn, explaining any words that your child doesn’t know.
2. What Am I?
This game is about finding the words to explain something. It will expand your child’s vocabulary of adjectives and verbs.
How to play What am I?
- Your child closes her eyes and you find any object in the room and hide it behind your back
- You must describe the object while your child guesses what it is
- Use riddle phrases such as I am long, I am shiny, I am used to eat with, I hold liquids, What am I? (a spoon)
- Give as many clues as you need to until she guesses the object
- When your child guesses correctly, it is then her turn to hide an object behind her back and describe it
The reason you should go first is to model how to use descriptive phrases without giving away what the object it.
The younger your child, the simpler and more obvious the clues will be that she uses but as she gets older she will learn how to be more cryptic.
It’s often difficult to see progress in a child while you are teaching them something through play – the progress is noticed with time.
However, this is a game where you will see how quickly your child goes from giving very short, obvious clues to using language to describe the texture, colour, size, function, etc.
3. I Spy
The game I spy with my little eye is an old favourite that children love playing. It is a variation on the game above and also teaches children to use language descriptively.
How to play I spy:
- Begin the game by spotting something in the same room you are playing in
- Describe the object briefly and let your child guess what it is
- For example: I spy something that is very small, blue and makes a noise if you shake it
- When she guesses, it is her turn to spy something and let you guess
To vary this game, only give one set of descriptions and then let your child have as many guesses as necessary.
In the previous game the object was hidden, whereas in this one the object is in the room and therefore should eventually be spotted. You may want to add one or two last clues if she needs some assistance.
The process of guessing and listing the many potential items in the room is also good for building vocabulary.
4. Odd One Out
In a previous game, children made a long list of words in a particular category. Try this game where you now present a list of words and your child has to think of the context of the words and pick out the word that doesn’t fit.
How to play Odd One Out
- Choose a category (without saying it out loud)
- Say a list of 4 or 5 words, all belonging to the category, except one word which should not belong to that category
- Your child must spot the word that doesn’t belong
This is not as easy as the previous games because it requires another level of thought.
Because you are not telling your child what the category is, he has to first listen to all the words and find a common relationship between all but one of them.
You can make this as easy or as difficult as you want, depending on your child’s age and how much he is ready to be challenged.
Here is the difference between an easy round and an advanced round:
- Apple, peach, banana, fish (fruits – fish is the odd word)
- Book, sock, bed, plate, pillow (things found in a bedroom – plate is the odd word)
Here are more odd one out game examples.
5. A Bird Flies
Teach your child to use action words (verbs) with this simple game.
How to play A bird flies:
- Choose an animal, person or object (e.g. a bird)
- Ask your child to think of something a bird does (e.g. a bird flies, a bird chirps, a bird sings, a bird hops)
- Take turns choosing words
6. What Is It?
This game is a variation of What Am I? It teaches children comprehension skills by making them use the information they have to solve the riddle.
How to play What is it?
- Choose an animal
- Describe it in a riddle: I’m thinking of something that lives in the sea, has sharp teeth and swims very fast. What is it?
- Once your child has guessed the animal, it is her turn to choose an animal and make up a riddle.
This game also encourages creative thought as your child also has to make up riddles and find interesting ways to explain their animal.
It is best to play this game using the same theme, such as animals, for a few rounds until your child has learned how to make up a riddle.
Later on, try a different theme such as people at work (e.g. I wear a long coat, I work in a hospital, I sometimes do operations. Who am I?)
7. Once Upon a Time
Making up stories is a great way to develop vocabulary as well as creativity and imagination.
There are 3 ways to make up a story:
1. Using a familiar story
For younger children, use a storybook that they have heard before. Page through the story and take turns to “tell” the story on each page.
Your child will remember some of the story from hearing it before and will use the pictures on the page as clues.
2. Using an unfamiliar story
Use a story with pictures that your child hasn’t heard before and page through, taking turns to make up the story by interpreting the pictures.
Follow your child’s lead and continue the story on from his interpretation, while bringing in new ideas and events based on the pictures.
3. Making up a story
Make up a story without a book. This is a great game for the car or for bedtime.
Make up a beginning, such as “Once upon a time there was a little bear in the jungle.” Take turns, adding one line onto the story at a time.
I used to play this game often in my classroom and it always got the kids in stitches!
8. Keep It Going
You can play this game anywhere, but the best place is while driving. It’s a great game for learning nouns and thinking fast.
How to play Keep it going:
- As you pass things while driving, take turns naming as many things as you can.
- For example, say “tree, building, sign, traffic light, shop, chair, grass, clouds”, etc.
- Try to keep an unbroken chain of words throughout the trip.
This game is really fun and also requires a lot of thinking. Your child has to really concentrate and think on his toes to not break the continuous stream of words.
I hope you’ve enjoyed learning some new vocabulary games and activities.
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