‘Music and Movement’ is such an important part of a child’s development and the two naturally go together. It is hard to engage in a musical activity without starting to move unconsciously to the music.
Although these two types of activities can certainly be used individually with children, you see even more learning and motivation when they are combined.
Read on to find out the importance of music and movement for kids as well as 26 simple, low-prep activities you can try at home or school.
What is Music and Movement in Early Childhood?
In early childhood, music and movement are often used together in fun songs and to practise counting and learning other concepts.
Beyond dance, movement includes fundamentals such as jumping, swaying, hopping, and bending.
The movement aspect makes music even more active than merely listening to or even singing along with the tunes. [source]
Music and Movement for Toddlers
Combining music and movement should start early, as infants develop beyond the lullaby stage into toddlerhood.
Moving to music encourages brain development, vocabulary growth, social skills, and stress regulation in children.
In addition, motor skills, spatial awareness and balance are strengthened through these types of activities.
Some ideas to incorporate include: [source]
- Playing musical instruments
- Chanting silly verses
- Singing during daily routines
Music and Movement for Preschoolers
Music and movement in preschool are integral aspects of the daily routine and can be incorporated easily at home, as well.
Using chanting, singing, and movement, preschoolers transition from one activity to the next, clean up their work/play spaces, and experience both lively and calm moments.
Preschool music and movement are also used to practise a wide variety of cognitive, social, and motor skills, in addition to routines involving weather, calendar, letters, and numbers. [source]
What is the Importance of Music and Movement in Early Childhood?
There are a wide variety of benefits of teaching music to preschoolers, that is then combined with movements. You can expect to see positive gains in the following areas:
Music and movement activities often involve group participation. Because of this, a sense of belonging is often an outcome of taking part.
Children make new friends, learn names, and help others, thus strengthening their social skills.
Emotional Expression and Management
Children often are unaware of feeling upset. If they express themselves through song and movement, they can get control of their emotions and learn new coping skills to be drawn upon in the future.
In addition, regular exposure to music and movement can help kids manage their emotions, which is an important part of their emotional development.
Soothing music helps to relax children, for example, while more lively beats can energize.
Pre-Reading and Vocabulary Skills
Listening to and singing songs often involves pre-reading skills such as rhyming, repetition, storytelling, and voice/body expression.
Songs can be used to learn new words and to practise letter sounds, word parts, and alliteration.
Traditions, Self-Concept, and Social Studies Skills
Through music and dance, children can experience the arts of other cultures.
They also gain new or wider appreciation for the tunes and movements of their own cultures.
Beat, rhythm, and melody all relate to maths.
Beat supports one-to-one correspondence and can lead to the concept of “more.”
Rhythm also relates to one-to-one correspondence, in addition to the concept of “patterns.”
Melody also connects to patterns, such as when sounds or words are repeated in songs. [source]
Kids learn to listen for changes in musical pitch (high/low) and tempo (slow/fast), while taking part in music and movement.
In addition, they practise listening when learning new words or movements modeled by the adults or leaders.
In order to remember and internalize words, tunes, and movements, children sharpen their short- and long-term memory skills.
They call upon their memories and past experiences each time they meet a new opportunity for movement and song.
Young kids sometimes have trouble expressing themselves in words.
When asked for ideas of how to solve a problem in real life or in imaginary situations, such as in a story, they can often express their ideas more easily through movement and physical expression.
Creativity and Imagination
Music and movement are not merely singing and moving along to prescribed songs and sways.
Kids need opportunities to create their own tunes, words, and moves, which can lead to sharpened imaginations in other areas, such as storytelling.
Focus and Attention
In order to effectively learn and follow along with songs and movements, children must practise focus and how to remain attentive. This involves not only listening but also watching.
Cause/Effect and Predictability
Musical instruments are a wonderful way to explore cause and effect. What happens when I shake/press/strum this?
In music and movement, children learn to predict what happens next.
Balance, Coordination, and Rhythm
Movement and music offer practice in body control and developing a sense of rhythm.
These include activities such as dancing, marching, skipping, leaning, and bending.
Sensory Motor Skills
Small Motor Skills
Small motor skills involve mainly the hands and fingers.
Music and movement offer opportunities to enhance those strengths through activities such as playing musical instruments and taking part in finger plays.
Large Motor Skills
Movement that involves the arms, legs, and back strengthens kids’ large motor skills.
Actions involve bending, balancing, dancing, hopping, stretching, skipping, and jumping.
26 Music and Movement Activities for Preschoolers
Music and movement in the classroom of any preschool are essentials. The same types of activities and games should be used at home, as well.
Check out the following selection of old standby music and movement songs and some other ideas of musical activities for 3-5 year olds that may be new to you!
1. If You’re Happy
This is a somewhat different take on “If You’re Happy and You Know It.” The If You’re Happy activity combines singing, motor skills, and exploration of emotions.
2. We are the Dinosaurs
What kid could pass up the chance to stomp around the room? We are the Dinosaurs is a fun activity that combines singing, marching to rhythm, and various hand motions.
3. Little Bunny Foo Foo
An old favourite, Little Bunny Foo Foo tells a funny story in song. Kids take part by singing and adding hand movements.
4. Scarf or Ribbon Dancing
Children hold silk scarves or long ribbons to twirl around in the air. Play relaxing classical music for them to sway to as they begin to feel calmer.
5. Ring Around the Rosie with a Twist
After the kids sing the traditional “Ring Around the Rosie” song while turning in a circle and “falling down,” the leader chants, “The cows are in the meadow, eating buttercups; a-tishoo, a-tishoo! We all stand up.”
This activity is good to practise sequential recall and patterns.
6. Musical Instruments
Show children how to use shakers, drums, or other musical instruments in rhythm along with music.
This can also be used in a parade format, with the kids marching and playing according to the beat.
If you want, you can adapt the song “The Ants Go Marching,” such as “the bells go ringing,” “the sticks go tapping,” and so forth.
7. Freeze Dance
To play freeze dance – also called musical statues – play musical favourites for the kids as they dance or move around the room as specified.
When you stop the music, they must “freeze” in their tracks.
8. Body Part Dancing
Turn on the music and tell children they must “dance” only with the body parts you specify. They might wiggle their fingers, swing their right legs, or twirl their left arms!
9. Feather Dancing
Each child begins with a craft feather. Play music, fast or slow, while kids attempt to keep the feathers in the air by blowing on them.
10. Alphabet Sounds and Actions
Kids practise sounds of the letters of the alphabet along with Dr. Jean. Singing along, they use their bodies to show the actions, such as cutting, digging, and hopping.
11. Musical Letters
Here’s how to play this variation of musical statues:
- Place large letters of the alphabet on the floor in a circle.
- Each child stands on a letter and starts walking around the circle when the music begins.
- They hurry to stand on a letter as soon as the music stops.
- The adult says, “Goodbye name of letter,” and then urges each child to name the letter (and possibly the letter sound) that is under their own feet.
- Then turn the music back on and the children resume walking.
12. Clapping, Snapping, or Stomping While Singing Names
Challenge kids to clap hands, snap fingers, or stomp feet for each syllable in names or other words sung/chanted.
Ask kids to listen and find others in the group whose beats match their own.
13. Mood Music
Play different types of music samples. Ask kids to dance in ways that fit with the mood of each kind of music played.
14. Zoom, Zoom, Zoom
Zoom, Zoom, Zoom is a fun song that combines counting, hand motions, and singing. Several options are presented for different groups or ages of children.
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15. Tanka Tanka Skunk! by Steve Webb
Available online, this picture book Tanka Tanka Skunk! encourages kids to tap out syllables, and there’s a refrain in which they can join in.
16. Tissue Dance
To do the tissue dance:
- Each child places a tissue on their head.
- When the music starts, they dance around, attempting to keep the tissue in place.
- If it starts to fall, they can try to catch it and put it back in place on their head.
- They are “out” if the tissue hits the floor.
17. Copy Me Game
Each child has a partner, and they take turns. To happy music, the first one moves, and the other child tries to copy that movement.
Then the other person takes a turn, and so on, which often ends up in giggles.
18. The Farmer in the Dell
An old favourite, this game involves holding hands and circling around the “farmer,” singing the traditional song. Those chosen as the various characters also have a chance to pick others.
19. Animal Dancing
The leader starts some happy music and shouts out the name of an animal. Children must then dance or move, pretending to be that type of animal.
They can also make animal noises to add to the fun. After a few minutes, a new animal is named.
20. Yoga Song for Kids
Combining easy yoga movements and music, Yoga Song for Kids combines stretching, music, and counting. This is a great one to use for helping kids to become calm.
21. One Potato, Two Potatoes
This chant incorporates rhythm, rhyme and counting. Kids can do this while jumping rope or as a fingerplay.
One potato, two potatoes, three potatoes, four,
Five potatoes, six potatoes, seven potatoes, more.
Eight potatoes, nine potatoes, ten potatoes, all.
One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten.
One potato, two potatoes, three potatoes, four,
Five potatoes, six potatoes, seven potatoes, more.
Eight potatoes, nine potatoes, ten potatoes, all!
22. Tightrope Walking
Use string, light rope, or ribbon on the ground or floor to form the “tightrope.”
To music, kids pretend they are acrobats and practise balance and coordination while walking heel-to-toe across the rope.
23. Shake My Sillies Out
24. Move to the Beat (while seated)
Here is a cute, repetitive movement song that can be used while children are seated.
In Move to the Beat, they sing, take part in the various movements, and stop each one when they are directed.
25. Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes
Here are more fun movement songs for kids.
26. Clean Up Song (with timer)
Timed at 5 minutes, this cute Clean Up Song reminds kids about what they should be doing during clean up time.
The graphics count down the minutes and seconds, which also reinforces backwards counting.
A fun goal could be to finish cleaning up in less than 5 minutes so kids can gather and count down together at the end!
Teach your kids these fun songs about cleaning up as well, to shake things up when the familiar songs start to lose their power!
Mix things up in your planning to incorporate music and movement songs in your daily routine.
Touch all the bases by using activities for both small and large muscles, in addition to those that include singing the words or instrumental music in the background.
Each day is a new beginning and adventure in music and movement!
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