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The Importance of Early Childhood Development

Why are the early years so crucial for a child’s development and why is there so much focus on childhood learning? Here are 10 reasons.

The importance of early childhood development lies in how early learning shapes a child’s life.

It may seem that learning starts when children begin formal schooling, however, it starts right from birth. That’s why it is important to create a healthy learning environment for children to grow and learn in.

Here are some reasons why early childhood development is so important.

1. The First 6 Years Are Crucial

There has been solid evidence supporting that children learn more during their first six years of life than they do at any other point in their lives. After those first six years, the learning rate decreases.

You are laying the foundation for how a child will learn and achieve in school in the later years as well as their overall life [source].

These first six years of a child’s life are when the brain is developing the most. Neurons are developing more rapidly than at any other point in their life.

That is why children can learn so many languages at once, but adults have a much more difficult time.

2. It Lays the Foundation

Whatever a child learns during the first years of their life will have a lasting effect on them.

Therefore, sometimes, in extreme and harmful environments, a child has difficulties in their adult life. They learn, through therapy, that their problems relate back to childhood experiences.

Because these first several years have such a big impact, you need to lay a solid foundation full of love, support, and happiness. It is crucial for their future life and relationships.

Research has shown a strong correlation between early childhood development and how successful that child will be in the future [source].

3. Learning Difficulties Can Be Identified Early

In some cases, children may have learning problems and difficulties, and the earlier you identify them, the easier is it to treat them.

If you can see early on that a child is struggling, you will be able to provide greater help.

You can talk to a professional and get a valid diagnosis and treatment plan. In some cases, early treatment will help resolve the issue before it becomes more serious.

Child in speech therapy

4. Builds Positive Experiences 

The more positive experiences a child has early on, the more they will develop a positive outlook on things and be more optimistic despite their situations.

It also will help them to develop confidence and great self-esteem.

Children doing hanstands

When a child succeeds at something early on, it encourages them to try again and makes them feel good about themselves. Then, they will try new things and take on new interests due to that boost of confidence [source].

5. Shapes Their Identities 

Just like with every other aspect of life, early childhood development involves personality.

Even in the womb, babies start to form an identity and personality. When they are born, each experience they have develops their personality in some shape or form.

When you praise your child, make sure to compliment their efforts instead of their personality. Instead of saying, “you are smart” say, “I saw how hard you worked on that.”

This will help them to see themselves in the most positive light and develop stronger personalities.

6. Builds Solid Relationships

As a parent, your relationship with your children will be their first experience of a relationship.

The way you handle your relationship with your child is crucial for the health of their future relationships.

Mother and son hugging

They will watch you and learn from everything you do. If you are in healthy relationships, they will learn to interact and form healthy bonds with others too. However, the opposite is also true.

The way you act around your child will help them to know how to act around other people as well.

7. Affects Their Success at School

Early childhood development has a major impact on future learning abilities in school [source].

If children don’t have a healthy environment early on in the home, they could have major problems learning in school.

What children learn at home and at preschool during the early years has a huge impact on what kind of learners they turn out to be in formal schooling.

They will have developed the foundational skills, as well as the ability to listen and concentrate during lessons.

8. Impacts Emotional and Social Health

Because babies do not talk, they learn through their senses and emotions. They are amazing at picking up the emotions of their mother and caregivers.

Babies know when you are upset or stressed, and it alters the way they feel as well.

They are also incredible at picking up social cues. If they see you are sad, they become sad as well. If you smile at them, they instantly smile back. Without language, that is their only way to communicate.

If their home is a safe and inviting environment, they will learn and develop good social and emotional health [source].

They will understand there are different emotions and that it is okay to feel different emotions.

Early childhood is the time to set the foundation for the rest of their lives, and not just in the social and emotional aspects, but all aspects of their life.

9. Affects Physical Health

Early childhood development also shapes a child’s physical health [source].

Teaching children to brush their teeth from a young age, for example, will help them to have great personal hygiene all throughout their life.

Child brushing his teeth

If a child grows up in a healthy home, they are more likely to be healthy as adults. Make sure to teach them healthy habits from an early age.  

10. Builds Enthusiasm for Learning

You can help your child develop a love for learning from an early age. If you encourage it, they will love school and the process of learning. If you don’t, school may be harder for them [source].

When you are teaching your child how to do something, make it fun and exciting for them. This will help instil in them that learning is supposed to be fun. When they fail at something they are trying to learn, encourage them not to give up but to try again.

A child’s brain is like a sponge. They absolutely love to learn. They are curious about anything and everything. What children learn during the first few years of their life will make a huge impact on their future.

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Saturday 8th of July 2023

impressive your article have provided a lot of information

Tanja Mcilroy

Wednesday 19th of July 2023

Thank you for your kind words, I'm glad the article was informative for you!


Tuesday 30th of May 2023

Very wonderful study. Keep it up. I have loved the article

Tanja Mcilroy

Tuesday 6th of June 2023

Thank you Akol!


Monday 27th of February 2023

Your article has provided a lot of valuable information and guidance. Thanks for sharing

Tanja Mcilroy

Tuesday 28th of February 2023

I'm glad to hear that! You're welcome.

Aminath Masha

Thursday 16th of February 2023

I love this article and want to read more and more .

Tanja Mcilroy

Monday 20th of February 2023

So glad to hear it was useful!

Alhaji Mansaray

Wednesday 11th of January 2023

Thanks you for teaching us

Tanja Mcilroy

Wednesday 11th of January 2023

I'm glad you enjoyed this!

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